On behalf of an American law professor, I am seeking commentary and case law, to the extent it exists, discussing a particular aspect of French criminal procedure.  In France, the authorities can detain a criminal suspect or accused based on "disruption of the public order."  The provision, according to Legifrance, is the following:
ARTICLE 144 (Act no. 2005-1549 of 12 December 2005 Article 33 Official Journal of 13 December 2005) provides in full:       Pre-trial detention may only be ordered or extended if it is the only way:

       1º to preserve material evidence or clues or to prevent either witnesses or victims or their families being pressurised or fraudulent conspiracy between persons under judicial examination and their accomplices;

       2º to protect the person under judicial examination, to guarantee that he remains at the disposal of the law, to put an end to the offence or to prevent its renewal;

       3º to put an end to an exceptional and persistent disruption of public order caused by the seriousness of the offence, the circumstances in which it was committed, or the gravity of the harm that it has caused. 

We do not have access to Jurisclasseur on Lexis.  Could you please recommend any book or electronic sources on this provision?  The researcher is fluent in French, so any materials in French would be great.  

Thank you very much for your help!
Tim Kelly, Reference Librarian
Willamette College of Law Library
Salem OR 97301
503 370 6386
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